Monday, August 3

SORGHUM (Sorghum bicolor) Introduction, Climatic and soil requirements, Recommended varieties, Land preparation, Seed rate, Spacing

Introduction

Sorghum is a contender to maize in the provender industry, which dependent up on the grain price in the world market. The International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) in India has developed germplasm which are highly suitable for both food and feed purposes. Poor demand arising from more popularity of other major cereals and high bird damage are the main reasons for less popularity of the crop when both quality and yield are superior in newly improved varieties.

Climatic and soil requirements

Tropical and sub-tropical crop. Arid and semi-arid zones 80F temperature. During drought it remains dormant. Rainfall 15-20 inches. Wind is bad. Deep loamy soil, fertile soil rich in organic matter. Well drain soils with adequate moisture supply

Recommended varieties

  • Maradankadawala
  • Dambagalla
  • IS 2941
  • ISCV 112

Land preparation

Deep ploughing up to 45 cm is favorable. Planted on flat beds.

Seed rate

8 kg/ha

Spacing

  • 60 cm x 60 cm (2 plants per hill)
  • 60 cm x 30 cm (1 plant per hill)

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