Wednesday, October 21

Finger Millet- Irrigation management,Weed management, Harvesting, Post-harvest technologies and food technologies,Pest and diseases

Irrigation management

After transplanting the seedlings, it is necessary to irrigate the field once in every 4 – 5 days until seedlings are established. During dry period supplementary irrigation should be provided at weekly intervals.

Weed management

Millet seedlings are slow growing and require a weed free environment for 45 days to develop vigorous plants. Row seeding facilitates weed control.

Harvesting

Crops are harvested, shelled and cleaned manually when grain moisture is low and after physiological maturity is reached. Seed moisture is lowered by sun drying to a safer level before shelling the seeds.

Post-harvest technologies and food technologies

As post-harvest facilities are yet develop, except seed that need special attention and storage conditions, commercial grain are disposed as quickly as possible to avoid wastage by pest and diseases. As a result of ease in production it has a fair price for most products.

Pest and diseases

Pests

  • No severe insect pests have been reported on finger millet in Sri Lanka. But plants are damaged by stem borer during Yala season.

Diseases

  • As a disease Blast have been reported.

            Blast (Pyricularia spp.) : Plants are attacked by blast mainly during Maha season.

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